From Study Finds:
Researchers from the University of California at Berkeley say their findings show the regulations written within the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 may be outdated and are incapable of keeping Americans’ health data safe and private with the progress made by AI developers…
…They say that AI can now use data collected by fitness trackers, smartphones, smartwatches, and other devices that track movement to identify citizens by learning their daily step patterns and correlating it to demographic data.
I am a HUGE fan of AI in medicine. The potential for good, improving the human condition is incredible. However as the linked article indicates there is also great potential for misuse. Sadly this is an issue with every new innovation. The potential for misuse does not mean we do not move forward and attempt to make things better. Nevertheless it is wise to be aware of potential abuses and do what can be done to avoid them.
As to HIPAA it was first enacted in 1996 however the most recent update was put into effect in 2013. So it is not that out of date. Having said that technology is progressing at such a rate regulators are constantly playing catch up.